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  It was June 29, 2018 when I first visited a company that operates architectural hardware and fabrication hardware (factory) in Kyoto City. The company had been operating for about 60 years and had decided to downsize the company due to the replacement of the owner. Each building had many unused rooms, giving the impression of being closed, but on the other hand, there was still some sense of freedom from the disorganized buildings due to previous additions and renovations, as if the history that had been walked through had been preserved.


  The site is located along an old street in Kyoto City, in a place where houses, factories, and residential complexes are intermingled. There are three buildings across the cross street: a 100-year-old Kyo-machiya with an extension (east wing) and two three-story steel-frame office buildings (south wing/north wing). The project has been carried out gradually through a series of conversations with the client, starting with consultations on the operation of the buildings, selecting a company to manage the real estate, and going to research buildings that might serve as references.

  It began with the relocation of the office originally located there in order to lease a room in the south wing as a tenant. As soon as the application was accepted, it was used as a studio for a young artist. Other construction work was repeated to gradually open up the building, and the rooms were quickly filled by photographers and writers. In the east wing, we plan to open the building further by creating a space that is accessible to people who live in the surrounding area. I designed mainly the facade, openings, and other common areas, leaving the interior of the tenant rooms to the tenant. It was important that the interior of the tenants, the most free space in the building, remain more varied and fresh than anywhere else.


  What is the state of health of a building? These buildings, built long before my involvement, have undergone many additions and renovations as the company has grown and adapted to changing social conditions and systems. As time goes by, buildings that were considered appropriate at the time gradually lose their fit with their users as they deteriorate. Buildings are never perfectly suited to every situation, and we have no choice but to make fit each time by making repairs and adding or subtracting the necessary rooms to suit the situation. In the same way, the human body is never in the best condition, and I have realized that the most important thing is to exercise, rest, and make changes according to the moment in order to achieve a state of moderation in the fiction of "health. The accumulation of small projects I have been involved in over the past five years has also been a series of small fits, each time aiming to loosen the stiffness of the body.

  These new projects also create other unfits in the building as a whole. In an intermittent project without a master plan, the materials and forms become inconsistent as time goes by, as the context and tastes change. However, the kind of fluctuation caused by this series of autonomous projects will become a manifestation of time for the building as a whole, making visible a movement that will continue to fitting.

Retrofit Planning

  A project is a forward throw of a plan to achieve a goal. A plan, on the other hand, is a project that is thrown forward and then retrofitted to manage the means and schedule for moving forward. First there is a project, then there must be a plan, and at M-Plan we have been gradually changing this place by intermittently undertaking small projects. In total (at this point) there have been 11 small projects with plans to carry them out. However, there is no project or plan that brings the three buildings together and captures the larger whole, and there is no big concept to throw the plans around. As a result of continually thinking about how to solve the problems that arose at that moment and in that situation, the project became autonomy as 11 small projects.

  The M-Plan process was exhibited as a collection of documents at the Architecture Pass Kyoto exhibition in 2022. Rather than conveying the specific design details of the projects or the concept of the space, we considered how best to convey the uniqueness of the projects, and created a system that allowed smooth and free zoning of the 9 (at the time of the exhibition) projects, and displayed them so that the projects could be viewed on the entire wall surface. The exhibition was displayed in such a way that the projects could be seen across the entire wall surface. When we named the exhibition "FITNESS" to summarize the whole, what had been a mere sequence of documents was given movement and flow to each project, creating an experience that was not bound by a time axis.

In order to document and organize the projects, I rearranged them so that each project was equivalent to the others. This could be called retrofitted plan. The word "FITNESS" was given as the overall concept, so that the projects can be viewed in any order and are not bound by the flow of time.


  With the time axis for viewing removed, the relationship between each project will become more complex. Depending on one's perspective, each relationship will be constructed in an altruistic manner, and the retrofitted plan will also collapse. For example, although not consecutive in time, the same materials and shapes used for different purposes will be related across projects, as when the fittings used in Process 2 and the partitions used in Process 9 are made of the same material.


  Just as the earth, a sphere, moves with its own orbit, people are part of its flow and cannot escape the large time scale that the earth possesses. Plans created by people will also be managed and carried forward based on the time of the earth. Just as architecture cannot escape from its location, neither can a human-driven plan escape from time. However, in the experience of architecture itself, it is possible to reassemble a retrofitted plan in a way that defies time, just as it is possible to go backwards in a medium such as film[TENET]. This is not the kind of story-telling that is common among architects, but a fictional planning that is thrown out to the viewer as one of the ever-changing FITNESS.












Retrofit Planning



  2022年に京都で行われた建築展覧会「Architecture Pass Kyoto」に出展した際に、M-Planのプロセスをドキュメントとして展示した。計画の具体的な設計内容や空間のコンセプトを伝えるものではなく、プロジェクトとしての特殊さを伝えるにはどうしたら良いのかを考え、9(展覧会当時)のプロジェクトを滑らかに、かつ自由にゾーニングできるような仕組みをつくり、壁面全体にプロジェクトが見渡せるように展示をした。そして、全体をまとめる言葉として[FITNESS 01]という名付けた時、単なるドキュメントの並びだけであったものが、それぞれのプロジェクトに動きや流れが生まれ、時間軸に囚われない体験が生まれた。





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